Venice is full of strange little words that describe things, places and events that ae peculiar to the city and its buildings and geography.
The Venetian toponymy is unique so, if in the Italian cities you find “streets” (strade), “squares” (piazze), etc…it’s not so in Venice, where the streets are named “calli” and squares “campi“.
You will find a “salizada”, a “ramo” or a “fondamenta”, a “ruga”, or “rio”.
Where we find “streets” and “squares”, then it means that we are dealing with a recent creation, between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as in the case of Strada Nova, which crosses the Cannaregio district (sestiere).
Here are some example:
Campo: is a typical square of Venice.
Fondamenta: is a street facing a canal.
Calle: is the typical Venetian street, encased between two continuous lines of domestic premises or in shops on the ground floor.
Sestiere: is a subdivision of certain Italian towns and cities.
River: is reserved for fondamente lining the Grand Canal and the Bacino di San Marco.
Bacino di San Marco: is the water space of the Venetian lagoon in front of St. Mark’s Square.
“Sottoportego” is an arcade or arched passage under a building.
“Ruga” is an important street, usually lined with shops.
“Ramo” (branch) is a short street or an extension of another street with the same name.
“A salizzada” indicates a paved street (once rare).
Gerotto Federico e Franceschini Matteo 2D